INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL & TOURISM OVERVIEW
1. Passenger Traffic
Passenger traffic for the year 2000 totaled 1,711,260, composed of 865,220 arrivals and 846,040 departures. These figures, compared to 1999, represent an increase of 11% in arrivals as well as in departures. Movements by sea represented 3% of both arrivals and departures. Table1:- Passenger Traffic by month 1998 - 2000 shows monthly details of passenger traffic.
Total arrivals by air included 10,920 "excursionists", i.e. passengers arriving and leaving on the same day. Of these, 3,280 (30%) came from Reunion Island and 1,900 (17%) from France. Total arrivals by sea also included 11,090 "cruise excursionists" (6,210 passengers and 4,880 crews) aboard 17 cruise ships which visited our port in 2000.
The number of Mauritian residents travelling abroad went up by 6%, from 154,130 in 1999 to 163,350 in 2000, and constituted 19% of total departures. The following changes were noted in the major destinations: Reunion Island (-4%), France (+8%), United Kingdom (-3%), India (+7%), Singapore (+8%) and Rep. of South Africa (+3%). A more detailed distribution by country visited is given in Table 2
Tourist arrivals for the year 2000 numbered 656,450 against 578,090 in 1999 (Table 3). This increase of 14% is largely attributable to increases in arrivals from the major generating countries like France, United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Reunion Island, Republic of South Africa and India as well as from the emerging markets like Belgium and Austria.
Most (92%) of the tourists came on holiday while 4% were on business/conference trips and another 3% were in transit (Table 4).
Table 5 shows that tourist arrivals from Europe increased by 16%, accounting for around two thirds of total tourist arrivals. France, our leading source market, representing 30% of total tourist arrivals and 45% of the European market, recorded a 13% rise to attain a figure of 198,420. Double digits growths were also registered in the case of the other major generating countries, namely Germany (+17%), United Kingdom (+27%), and Switzerland (+26%), except Italy with an increase of 6%. Among other European Countries, the following changes were observed: Austria (+10%), Belgium (+15%), Netherlands (+20%), Spain (+17%), Sweden (+25%) and CIS (41%).
Tourist arrivals from Africa grew by 5% and accounted for 25% of all arrivals in 2000. This was mainly due to increases in arrivals from the major generating countries like Reunion Island (+4%) and Republic of South Africa (+5%). Changes in arrivals from other African markets were as follows: Kenya (+9%), Malagasy Republic (-10%), Seychelles (+17%) and Zimbabwe (+32%).
The Asian market supplied around 5% of our total tourist arrivals in 2000. An overall growth of 23% was noted in arrivals from Asia. This was mainly due to arrivals from India, our largest market in the continent, which grew by 27% to attain 17,240 in year 2000. The growth observed from other Asian countries were as follows: Japan (+3%), Malaysia (+6%), Singapore (+12%) and People?s Republic of China (+12%).
Tourist arrivals from Oceania rose by 11%, mainly as a result of an increase of 9% in arrivals from Australia.
A 32% increase in arrivals from the continent of America was the result of growth from USA (+11%), Canada (+20%) and other American countries (+121%).
Total tourist nights in 2000 is estimated at 6.5 million, representing an increase of 13% over last year (Table6). The average length of stay of a tourist works out to around 10 nights.
The number of registered hotels which was 92 at the end of 1999 increased to 95 in 2000. Consequently, the number of rooms available increased from 8,260 to 8,660 and the number of bedplaces from 16,950 to 17,780. (Table7). The room occupancy rate for all hotels in 2000 averaged 70% while the bed occupancy rate was 62%.
"Large" hotels, i.e. well-established beach hotels with more than 80 rooms, numbered 34 ( 36% of all registered hotels ). These "Large" hotels had a room capacity of 6,330 with 12,840 bedplaces, representing 73% of total room capacity and 72% of total bedplaces. The average room occupancy rate for these hotels for 2000 was of the order of 73% while bed occupancy rate averaged 65% (Table 8).
4. Gross Tourism Receipts
Column 4 of (Table6) shows the evolution of Tourism Receipts.Gross receipts from tourism for the year under review is estimated at Rs 14,230 million, i.e. an increase of 4% over the figure of Rs 13,670 million for 1999.
Direct employment in travel and tourism establishments employing 10 persons or more, is estimated at 18,570 at the end of March 2000, that is 9% higher than last year. Of this number, 71% or 13,270 were engaged in hotels (Table 9).
6. Forecast Year 2001
Based on the trends of preceding years, the number of tourist arrivals for the year 2001 is expected to be around 700,000, with gross receipts of the order of Rs 15,500 million.
A tourist is defined as a non-resident staying for more than 24 hours but less than a year, who is not involved in any gainful occupation in the country during his/her stay.
A transit passenger is one who stops over in the country for flight connections to other destinations. There are two types of transit passengers:
Type I : Passengers who do not leave the transit area of the airport or the harbour.
Type II : Passengers who do leave the airport or harbour and stay in the country for more than 24 hours but only for flight connection purposes.
Only Type II transit passengers, as defined above, are included in the definition of "Tourists".
3. Excursionist or Same-day Visitor
Excursionists are non-resident visitors, other than those who do not leave the airport, who stay in the country for less than 24 hours. They also include passengers as well as crews of cruise ships.
4. Tourist Nights
"Tourist nights" means the total number of nights spent in the country by tourists, as defined above, during the period under review.
5. Large Hotels
Large hotels are well established beach hotels with more than 80 rooms.
CIS denotes the Commonwealth of Independent States, which consists of the states of the former Soviet Union.