INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL & TOURISM OVERVIEW
1. Passenger Traffic
Total Passenger Traffic Passenger traffic for the year 2001 totalled 11,708,480 made of 858,180 arrivals and 850,300 departures. Compared to 2000, these figures represent a slight decrease of 0.8% in arrivals and a marginal increase of 0.5% in departures . Table 1 shows monthly details of passenger traffic.Total arrivals by air included 8,520 "excursionists", i.e. passengers arriving and leaving on the same day. Of these excursionists, 2,490 (29.2%) came from Reunion Island and 1,630 (19.1%) from France. Total arrivals by sea also included 5,780 cruise "excursionists" (3,270 passengers and 2,510 crews) aboard 10 cruise ships which visited our port in 2001.
Departures of Mauritian Residents
The number of Mauritian residents travelling abroad went down by 1.4% from 163,350 in 2000 to 161,000 in 2001, and constituted 18.9% of total departures. The following changes were noted in the number of Mauritians visiting the major destinations: United Kingdom (+10.6%), India +5.6%), Malagasy Republic (+5.3%), Reunion Island (+0.6%), France (+0.2%), Australia (-3.6%), Malaysia (-5.9%) and Singapore (-27.8%). A more elaborate distribution of countries visited is given in Table 2
Tourist arrivals for the year 2001 attained 660,320 against 656,450 in 2000,representing a marginal increase of 0.6%. Details are given in Tables 3 to 5 and Table 6.Around 92% of the tourists came mainly for holidays while 4% were on business/conference trips and another 3% were in transit (Table 4).Arrivals from Europe, which constituted 66.2% of total tourist arrivals, went down by 0.6% to 437,300 during the year 2001 against 439,990 for the preceding year. Arrivals from France, our leading market, representing 29.9% of total tourist arrivals and 45.2% of the European market, dropped by 0.4% to reach 197,590 in 2001. Arrivals from United Kingdom progressed by 4.6% from 74,490 to 77,890 while those from Germany and Italy decreased by 3.8% and 4.2% respectively. Decreases were registered from the emerging European markets as follows: Spain (-2.3%), Austria (-2.0%), Belgium (-5.5%), Sweden (-8.9%) and Switzerland (-10.0%) (Table 5).In 2001, arrivals from Africa, with a share of 25.5% of total tourist arrivals, recorded an increase of 2.8% compared to the previous year. Arrivals from Reunion Island, the major generating country of the region, registered an increase of 4.8%, while those from the Republic of South Africa dropped by 1.6%. Changes in arrivals from other African countries were as follows: Seychelles (+15.8%), Zimbabwe, (+12.4%), Kenya (-3.7%), Malagasy Republic (-5.4%) and Comoros (-9.0%).Tourist arrivals from the Asian market grew by 5.6% for the period under review and accounted for 5.6% of total tourist arrivals. Arrivals from India, the largest market of the continent, went up by 9.6% to attain 18,890. The following changes were noted from the other Asian countries: People?s Republic of China (+47.0%), Malaysia (+37.1%),Hong Kong (+21.3%), Singapore (-16.4%) and Japan (-33.5%).Arrivals from Oceania decreased by 0.2%, being the combined effect of a 0.2% growth in arrivals from Australia and a 5.5% drop in those from other Oceanian countries.An increase of 5.1% was noted in arrivals from America. This was the result of growths from USA (+5.9%), Canada (+1.8%) and other American countries (+6.6%).
2. Tourist Nights
Total tourist nights spent in the country in 2001 were almost at the same level as that of last year, i.e. 6.5 million (Table 6).
3. Hotel Statistics
At the end of December 2001, there were a total of 95 registered hotels in operation. The total room capacity for these registered hotels was 9,020 with 18,350 bedplace (Table 7). The room occupancy rate for all hotels for the year 2001 averaged 66% monthly while the bed occupancy rate was 58%."Large" hotels, i.e. well-established beach hotels with more than 80 rooms, numbered 37 ( 38.9% of all registered hotels ). These "Large" hotels had a room capacity of 6,670 with 13,460 bedplaces, representing 73.9% of total room capacity and 73.4% of total bedplaces. The average room occupancy rate for these hotels for 2001 was of the order of 70% while bed occupancy rate averaged 62% (Table 8).
4. Gross Tourism Receipts
Data from the Bank of Mauritius indicate that gross tourism receipts for the year 2001 totalled Rs 18,166 million, which is 27.6% higher than the figure of Rs 14,234 million registered for the year 2000. The average receipts per tourist during that period therefore work out to Rs 27,510 against Rs 21,680 in 2000 (Table 6)
According to the Survey of Employment and Earnings, direct employment in travel and tourism establishments employing 10 persons or more, stood at 19,940 at the end of March 2001, that is 12.0% higher than last year. Of this number, 75.3% or 15,020 were engaged in hotels (Table 9).
6. Forecast Year 2002
Because of the uncertainties in the world travel market following the 11th September 2001 event, it is difficult to forecast the number of tourist arrivals for 2002 at this time of the year. However, on the basis of expectations of stakeholders in the tourism industry, tourist arrivals will most likely grow by around 4% to reach 685,000 in 2002
Ministry of Tourism & Leisure
Ken Lee Tower
A tourist is defined as a non-resident staying for more than 24 hours but less than a year, who is not involved in any gainful occupation in the country during his/her stay.
A transit passenger is one who stops over in the country for flight connections to other destinations. There are two types of transit passengers:
Type I : Passengers who do not leave the transit area of the airport or the harbour
Type II : Passengers who do leave the airport or harbour and stay in the country for more than 24 hours but only for flight connection purposes.
Only Type II transit passengers, as defined above, are included in the definition of "Tourists".
3. Excursionist or Same-day Visitor
Excursionists are non-resident visitors, other than those who do not leave the airport, who stay in the country for less than 24 hours. They also include passengers as well as crews of cruise ships.
"Tourist nights" means the total number of nights spent in the country by tourists, as defined above, during the period under review.
5. Large Hotels
Large hotels are well established beach hotels with more than 80 rooms.
CIS denotes the Commonwealth of Independent States, which consists of the states of the former Soviet Union.