INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL & TOURISM OVERVIEW
1. Passenger Traffic
Total passenger traffic for the year 2002 amounted to 1,773,627, consisting of 891,106 arrivals and 882,521 departures. Compared to 2001, these figures represent increases of 3.8% both in arrivals and in departures. Movements by sea accounted for 4.2% of both arrivals and departures. Further details on monthly trends are given in
Total arrivals by air included 9,208 "excursionists", i.e. passengers arriving and leaving on the same day. Of these excursionists, 2,769 (30.1%) came from Reunion Island and 1,777 (19.3%) from France. Total arrivals by sea included 19,613 cruise "excursionists" (10,814 passengers and 8,799 crews) aboard 25 cruise ships which visited our port in 2002.
The number of Mauritian residents travelling abroad rose by 0.3% from 161,001 in 2001 to 161,534 in 2002. Departures of these residents represented 18.3% of total departures. The following changes were noted in the number of Mauritians visiting the major destinations: Singapore (+8.3%), United Kingdom (+7.9%), France (+4.2%), Australia (+4.0%), India (-9.3%), Reunion Island (-12.0%), Malaysia (-54.1%) and Malagasy Republic (-55.1%). A more elaborate distribution of countries visited is given in Table 2.
Tourist arrivals for the year 2002 attained 681,648 against 660,318 in 2001, representing an increase of 3.2%. Details are given in Tables 3 to 5 and Table 6.
Around 91% of the tourists came mainly for holidays while 4.2% were on business/conference trips and another 3.5% were in transit (Table 4).
Arrivals from Europe (Table 5), which accounted for 66.2% of total tourist arrivals, went up by 3.2% to 451,504 during the year 2002 against 437,305 for the preceding year. Arrivals from France, our leading market, representing 29.8% of total tourist arrivals and 44.9% of the European market, increased by 2.7% to reach 202,869 in 2002. Growths were also noted in arrivals from the other major generating countries, namely Germany (+5.7%), United Kingdom (+3.6%) and Italy (+2.5%). Trends among the other countries were as follows: Spain (+10.1%), Belgium (+1.7%), Austria (+1.0%), Switzerland (-5.7%) and Sweden (-10.4%).
In 2002, arrivals from Africa, with a share of 25.3% of total tourist arrivals, recorded an increase of 2.4% compared to the previous year. Arrivals from Reunion Island, the major generating country of the region, registered an increase of 5.7%, while those from the Republic of South Africa dropped by 10.9%. Changes in arrivals from other African countries were as follows: Malagasy Republic (+41.1%), Seychelles (+26.0%), Comoros (+9.9%), Kenya (-13.1%) and Zimbabwe (-17.5%).
Tourist arrivals from the Asian market grew by 10.7% for the period under review and accounted for 6.0% of total tourist arrivals. Arrivals from India, the largest market of the continent, went up by 10.6% to attain 20,898. The following changes were observed from the other Asian countries: United Arab Emirates (+983.6%), Japan (+23.2%), People?s Republic of China (+17.5%), Singapore (-9.2%), Malaysia (-12.2%) and Hong Kong (-19.3%).
Arrivals from Oceania fell by 4.4%, mainly because of a drop of 4.6% in arrivals from Australia.
A decrease of 7.5% was noted in arrivals from America. This was the net result of growth from USA (+4.9%) and decline from Canada (-0.2%) and other American countries (-34.4%).
Total tourist nights spent in the country in 2002 is estimated at 6.7 million, that is 3.4% more than the preceding year (Table 6).
At the end of December 2002, there were a total of 95 registered hotels in operation. Due to renovation, two hotels were not operational. The total room capacity for these registered hotels was 9,623 with 19,597 bedplaces (Table 7). The room occupancy rate for all hotels for the year 2002 averaged 67% while the bed occupancy rate was 59%.
"Large" hotels, i.e. well-established beach hotels with more than 80 rooms, numbered 38 (40% of all registered hotels). These "Large" hotels had a room capacity of 7,293 with 14,868 bedplaces, representing 75.8% of total room capacity and 75.9% of total bedplaces. The average room occupancy rate for these hotels for 2002 was of the order of 70% while bed occupancy rate averaged 62% (Table 8).
4. Gross Tourism Receipts
Data from the Bank of Mauritius indicate that gross tourism receipts for the year 2002 amounted to Rs 18,328 million, which is 0.9% higher than the figure of Rs 18,166 million registered for the year 2001.
According to the Survey of Employment and Earnings, direct employment in travel and tourism establishments employing 10 persons or more, stood at 21,115 at the end of March 2002, that is 5.9% higher than last year. Of this number, 75.3% or 15,890 were engaged in hotels (Table 9).
Ministry of Tourism & Leisure
Ken Lee Tower
A tourist is defined as a non-resident staying for more than 24 hours but less than a year, who is not involved in any gainful occupation in the country during his/her stay.
A transit passenger is one who stops over in the country for flight connections to other destinations. There are two types of transit passengers:
Type I : Passengers who do not leave the transit area of the airport or the harbour.
Type II : Passengers who do leave the airport or harbour and stay in the country for more than 24 hours but only for flight connection purposes.
Only Type II transit passengers, as defined above, are included in the definition of "Tourists".
3. Excursionist or Same-day Visitor
Excursionists are non-resident visitors, other than those who do not leave the airport, who stay in the country for less than 24 hours. They also include passengers as well as crews of cruise ships.
4. Tourist Nights
"Tourist nights" means the total number of nights spent in the country by tourists, as defined above, during the period under review.
5. Large Hotels
Large hotels are well established beach hotels with more than 80 rooms.
CIS denotes the Commonwealth of Independent States, which consists of the states of the former Soviet Union.
List of Tables